Triglycerides are a form of fat in the blood. They are the main components of vegetable oil and animal oils. Triglycerides are formed by a molecule of glycerol combined with three fatty acids and is most fat oameni.Excesul digested plasma triglyceride is called hypertriglyceridemia.
High triglycerides may be a consequence of other diseases, such as untreated diabetes mellitus. As in the case of cholesterol, the increase in triglyceride levels can be detected by measurements. Your doctor will usually check triglyceride levels as part of a test that involves controlling cholesterol levels.
Triglycerides can contribute to the high number hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), which increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and other cardiac diseases. Another disease caused by increasing triglycerides is pancreatitis.
Those who are found with elevated triglycerides often have high total cholesterol.
Persons with triglyceride levels (greater than 200 mg / dl) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. People with diabetes who are obese are also likely to have high triglycerides. Triglycerides are present in the blood and in plasma cholesterol and in combination with the lipids forming the plasma.
Hypertriglyceridemia is an increase in blood triglyceride.
Triglycerides are fats synthesized by the liver and then deposited in tissues to provide energy the body needs between meals.
If food intake is more than your body needs or if there are hormonal disorders, triglycerides are accumulated in tissues and organs.
The optimal level of triglycerides is less than 150 mg / dl. Between 150 and 199 mg / dl – limit level increased between 200 and 499 mg / dl – higher levels and more than 500 mg / dl – very high level.
Causes and risk factors for hypertriglyceridemia
The most frequently hypertriglyceridemia is caused by unbalanced diabetes, obesity and sedentary lifestyles.
There are genetic causes of hypertriglyceridemia that cause premature cardiovascular disease and these include: combined hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia familiar disbetalipoproteinemia.
Other causes: hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome, causes drug (diuretics, oral contraceptives, beta blockers, corticosteroids), excess alcohol consumption and diets rich in carbohydrates.
Risk factors: diet, stress, sedentary lifestyle and smoking.
1. dermatological manifestations.
Eruptive Xantoamele are discovered when triglycerides are above 1000 mg / dl. They are 1-3 mm papules, erythematous base or yellow. They are more prominent on the back, feze, chest and proximal extremities. The lesions are caused by the accumulation of chylomicrons in macrophages and disappear gradually when triglycerides are maintained below 1000 mg / dL.
Patients with type III may palmar xanthomas, pathognomonic. Xantoamele tuberoeruptive tuberous or may occur in some hyperlipidaemia, elbows, knees or thighs.
2. gastrointestinal manifestations.
If this syndrome, pancreatitis or chilomicronemiei patient experience pain in the epigastric or right upper quadrant, with tenderness. They are described hepatomegaly and splenomegaly rare. These patients had triglycerides over 2000 mg / dl and a history of multiple episodes of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting or shortness of breath.
3. ophthalmologic manifestations.
Triglyceride levels over 4000 mg / dl cause a condition known as lipemia retinalis in funduscopy examination shows blood vessels of the retina of milky appearance.
4. neurological manifestations.
Memory loss, dementia and depression have been reported in patients with the syndrome chilomicronemie.
HOW TO REDUCE triglyceride levels?
If following a medical examination have noticed that you have high triglyceride levels, it would be better to consult your doctor to reduce it. The following is a brief list of tips that might help to reduce the level of triglycerides:
– If you are overweight, the best treatment for triglycerides is to reduce calorie intake. Do not be fooled by the various diets that promises to be spectacular if they fail to reduce the number of calories.
– Reduce intake of saturated fats, fried exclude from your diet.
– Discard alcoholic beverages! Even small amounts evolution affects triglyceride levels.
– Eat fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products.
– Workout at least 30 minutes a day and will decrease the amount of triglycerides.
– Avoid sugar if you want to lower your triglyceride levels.
– Persons with high triglyceride levels should avoid oils and fats. Margarine should be eliminated from the diet.
– Eat healthy fats, such as those present in mackerel, trout, herring, to